Q: My 2003 Dodge Dakota four door, four-wheel drive pickup has been emitting an “exhaust” odor both outside the vehicle, as well as in the cab area for about a year. I purchased the truck new and have always followed the vehicle’s scheduled services and made all repairs as necessary. The truck was maintained by the selling dealership almost exclusively until the extended warranty expired about two years ago. I have been bringing the truck to the same local mechanic since then, and he is very familiar with its service history. I have had two shops check out the exhaust system for any leaks or any obvious filter/breather fouling issues without any success. I will provide you with some additional information that I hope will be helpful, as you put your many years of automotive troubleshooting knowledge and problem solving experience to work: no loud exhaust noise; one exhaust flange gasket was replaced two years ago; 99,000 miles; 3.9 liter, six-cylinder engine; automatic transmission; complete tune-up, including new wires 12 months ago. I plan to keep my truck running as long as possible.
A: Great letter with lots of good info! Step one is to smoke the tailpipe and look for leaks. Step two would be to smoke the intake manifold to look for leaks. Finally, and I think this is where you will find your problem, is at the oil fill cap. Your 3.9-liter engine uses an oil fill cap designed like that used on the 4.7-liter engine. It’s a screw-on cap and gasket that wears out after a period of time. If the PCV is not working, excess pressure will build in the crank case and look for a place to escape. If it is leaking out the cap, it will go into your vehicle HVAC system and result in a strong smell inside the cab. If the engine is greasy, I recommend you steam clean the engine before checking for leaks. A thorough examination of the fuel system, including the fuel filler neck and attached parts, should be performed as well.
Q: I can see a freeze plug that appears wet on my 2002 Dodge Caravan. What does this mean? Another one beside it looks like a rubber stopper. I just bought the car last April. How many are there on the engine? About how much would it cost to replace it, or them?
A: To me it means the cooling system has not been maintained and the coolant has gotten so acidic that it is eating the metal of the engine. The freeze plugs need to be replaced and the cooling system flushed. As the cooling system is flushed you may find even more leaks. Due to the various location of the freeze plugs, I can’t put a labor price on the job.
Car Care Tip: Coolant systems (antifreeze) should be flushed and the thermostat replaced every two years. At the same time, check the belts, hoses and wiper blades. Preparing your vehicle in the autumn will pay dividends in the winter.
Larry Rubenstein is a master technician who owns a North Shore service station. His column appears every Saturday. Write to Larry at The Salem News, c/o Auto Scanner, 32 Dunham Road, Beverly, MA 01915, or send an email to email@example.com.